Agriculturally important plants are often genetically modified by the insertion of DNA material from outside the organism into the plant's DNA sequence, allowing the plant to express novel traits that normally would not appear in nature, such as herbicide or insect resistance. Seed harvested from GMO plants will also contain these modifications.
Current GMO production basically relates to four crops: soybeans, corn, cotton and oilseed rape. GMO crop planting accounted for 26% of the global area planted in 2004 (51%, 12%, 24% and 15% respectively for soybeans, corn, cotton and oilseed rape).
Global trade in these crops and their main derivatives is dominated by GMO origin material (90% of soybean trade, 80% of maize trade, 70% of oilseed rape trade and 45% of cotton seed trade - incl. of co-mingled GMO and non-GMO material). However, whilst most soybeans and their main derivatives used in the European Union come from imports, the vast majority of maize, oilseed rape and cotton seed used is derived from domestic (largely non-GMO) production.
Demand for testing for GMOs comes from the desire to prove the absence of GMOs in products labeled GMO-free, on the one hand, and, on the other, the desire to test for identity preservation and the collect on of royalties for GMO products.
The following list includes the main proteins (which are expressed as a result of the genetic modifications) and their related characteristics and trade names. We offer Lateral Flow and/or ELISA test systems for all of these novel traits.
CP4 EPSPS Protein
Bt-Cry3Bb1 and Bt-Cry1Ab Proteins